PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder)
By: Mykah McKibben
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder that can develop after a person has
been exposed to traumatic event, such as assault, warfare, traffic collision, or other threats on a
person’s life. Many people who have this show symptoms that include disturbing thoughts,
feelings, dreams related to the event, and trouble going to sleep or even staying asleep.
Almost 8.0% of Americans suffer from PTSD or will experience it through their lifetime.
Women are twice as likely to experience it then men. Women are at 10.4% and men are %.0%
to develop PTSD. Almost 31% of Vietnam veterans, 10% of Gulf War veterans, and 11% veterans
of Afghanistan suffer from PTSD. Sometimes PTSD can be extreme in some cases, that the
people affected by it cannot work anymore.
There are five different types of PTSD which are Normal Stress Response, Acute Stress
Disorder, Uncomplicated PTSD, Comorbid PTSD, and Complex PTSD.
Normal Stress Response occurs when a healthy adult has been exposed to a single
discrete traumatic event. Some individuals can achieve complete recovery within a few weeks.
Acute Stress Disorder is characterized by panic reactions, mental confusion, dissociation, severe
insomnia, suspiciousness, being unable to manage even basic self-care, and even relationship
activities. Uncomplicated PTSD involves persistent re-experiencing of the traumatic event,
avoidance of the stimuli associated with the trauma, and emotional numbing.
Comorbid PTSD is a psychiatric disorder and is actually more common than
uncomplicated PTSD. PTSD is usually associated with one other psychiatric disorder such as
depression, alcohol or substance abuse, panic disorder, and other disorders involving anxiety.
Complex PTSD (sometimes called “Disorder of Extreme Stress”) is found among
individuals who have been exposed to prolonged traumatic circumstances, especially during
childhood, such as abuse. People diagnosed with this are often also diagnosed with antisocial
personality disorder or dissociative disorder.
People who are diagnosed with PTSD, Depression, and/or Anxiety, don’t always show
these signs. But you should always be aware and alert of these. When someone says, “What
happened to you wasn’t even that bad.”, maybe it wasn’t that bad from where you saw it. But
different people have different emotions, some are stronger than others and can deal with it or
you’re the person who is fragile and can break at the simple change of attitude.
PTSD isn’t always something you can just “get over”, sometimes it takes time or in other
cases it will always be there. Mental health is an important part of a person and if someone’s
mental health isn’t good and stable they might not be stable and they need reassurance or just
someone there to help them.
Some people firsthand struggle with Complex PTSD and know what it’s like to feel as if
you have no one, that you’re unwanted, just a problem, like a nervous wreck, or maybe you just
don’t want to be alive anymore. But you always have someone there. If it’s at school you should
know any teacher will put time aside to listen and help you with what you’re going through. If
you’re at home, reach out to a parent or family member, you could even get on your phone and
call a friend or something. It’s always better to know you have someone to help you no matter